Improve local water supply reliability.
More than half of the region’s water supply is imported from the Colorado River, the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta, and the Eastern Sierras.In the Los Angeles Basin, 57% of water is imported, 34% comes from groundwater, and 9% is sourced from recycled water, water conservation measures, and local surface water diversions.1U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation, County of Los Angeles Department of Public Works Los Angeles County Flood Control District, November 2016, Los Angeles Basin Study In community meetings and surveys, supplementing water supply was the second most important issue related to the LA River for participants, identified by 48% of participants. Increasing population, regulatory requirements, natural disasters, and demands on the water system accentuate decreasing reliability in the sources of imported water supplies that is caused by cyclical droughts and climate change. Dry weather and wet weather flows in the LA River present opportunities to develop and diversify local water resources to reduce dependence on imported water and increase the reliability and resiliency of the region’s water supply.
Steps that should be taken to achieve the goal
LA River Water Supply Need
Needs: Water Supply
Water in the LA River provides important uses for recreation and habitat, but also plays a role in recharging regional groundwater basins and reducing the demand for imported water.
The need for water supply reliability was assessed by evaluating the need to maintain water in streams for particular beneficial uses and through evaluating areas where municipal water supply overlays and is most dependent on groundwater replenishment.
The occurrences of Beneficial Uses (as identified by the Regional Water Quality Control Board) related to Recreation or Habitat were identified within streams in the LA River watershed, including the mainstem, to indicate where in-channel water supply is needed to maintain those uses. Areas with both recreation and habitat uses were identified as having a high need, while channels and streams with no recreation or habitat uses were categorized as general need.
Urban Water Management Plans prepared by water purveyors in LA County report the sources of water supplied, including groundwater. Areas with groundwater sourcing a significant portion of water supply are in high need of consistent replenishment of groundwater supply. Areas with greater than 90% dependence on groundwater supply were categorized as very high need, while areas with less than 10% dependence on groundwater supply were categorized as general need.
Locations overlying groundwater basins have need for additional replenishment of groundwater/to enhance municipal water supply throughout the basin. Areas lying directly over groundwater basins were identified as having very high need while areas not lying over groundwater basins were identified as having general need.